If a person is about to have an orthodontic treatment which is a procedure that can correct misaligned teeth and jaws there are a lot of ways or approach to start the treatment – all depends on you and the orthodontists. Orthodontists are those specialists who are well-trained and capable of moving the teeth as well as reshaping the jaws. The treatment uses different equipments that were needed to straighten teeth and aligned jaws, this even require surgery and teeth removal.
Those medical specialists who were skilled in malocclusion correction procedures have different approaches when it comes to starting an orthodontic treatment – they may choose between early or later treatment. On the other hand, the categories or different types of orthodontic equipments or what they call appliances were functional and fixed appliances.
The difference between the two is that if you were about to use the functional appliance there is a need to use the muscle action to create vigor that will move the teeth as well as align the jaws; on the other hand, using fixed appliance there is a need to put in set of brackets that will be cemented on the teeth. Those cemented wires or brackets were called braces that will be attached to the teeth for about 24 to 28 months and will be adjusted after some weeks to apply enough force for bone remodeling.
After several months of attaching the braces for bone remodeling there is a need to use retainers to avoid and prevent the teeth from going back to its previous position. Retainers are made with wires to help your teeth maintaining its position after the braces were taken off; these would be a big help to holding the teeth at the right place and avoiding it from shifting to its previous position.
It is widely known that braces were usually used by children or teenagers to straighten their permanent teeth in the right positions although there are also adults who have been using braces to correct malocclusion.
The painless malocclusion correcting procedures that were used for both children and adolescents are extraction growth modification, fixed appliances, retainers, and space maintainers.
Extraction or what is being called as serial removal is done by eliminating some baby teeth; this is done to ease severe crowding.
The next would be Growth modification which will require you to wear fixed or functional appliances or equipments like braces during the day so that the teeth will be straighten and jaws will be remodeled.
Another treatment would be fixed appliance or what is commonly called as braces that are fixed to teeth; with children and teenagers it will be attached on the teeth for about 24 months and for adults it would be 28 months.
After having braces for several months it is a must to use retainers to avoid the teeth from shifting back to its previous positions. The retainers should be placed in the teeth for several months or even years to hold the teeth in its proper place after the treatment.
The last would be space maintainers are made to keep the surroundings of the teeth from moving; there are made of metal or plastic that usually hold the teeth and prevents it from drifting apart.